What does Antonio Gramsci say about intellectuals?
Intellectuals are the group of people most responsible for social stability and change. According to Gramsci, “it is them who sustain, modify and alter modes of thinking and behavior of the masses. They are purveyors of consciousness”(Gramsci, 1994, p.
What did Antonio Gramsci say?
Gramsci said that cultural and historical analyses of the “natural order of things in society” established by the dominant ideology, would allow common-sense men and women to intellectually perceive the social structures of bourgeois cultural hegemony.
What is intellectual and moral leadership?
Conceived as ‘intellectual and moral leadership’, the concept hegemony points the analysis of power away from pure coercion and towards the maintenance of ideological supremacy. This is not to say that hegemony consists merely in ideological domination without resistance.
What is Gramsci hegemony?
Gramsci developed the notion of hegemony in the Prison Writings. The idea came as part of his critique of the deterministic economist interpretation of history; of “mechanical historical materialism.” Hegemony, to Gramsci, is the “cultural, moral and ideological” leadership of a group over allied and subaltern groups.
What are the key characteristics of hegemony According to Gramsci?
According to Gramsci, hegemony (“predominance by consent”) is a condition in which a fundamental class exercises a political, intellectual, and moral role of leadership within a hegemonic system cemented by a common world-view or “organic ideology.” The exercise of this role on the ethico-political as well as on the …
How intellectuals are formed?
In “The Formation of the Intellectuals,” Gramsci describes the various levels of the superstructures within which intellectuals function. He helps scholars and creators of literature to understand their position and role within the superstructure.
How does Gramsci conceive of philosophy?
Gramsci’s conception of ideology overcame class reductionism by asserting that classes in the infrastructure were not duplicated in the superstructure through ideological elements exclusively of their own.