What is difference between case and controversy?
A case or controversy, also referred to as a Justiciable controversy, must consist of an actual dispute between parties over their legal rights that remain in conflict at the time the case is presented and must be a proper matter for judicial determination.
What crime is mentioned in Article III?
Treason is the only crime specifically defined in the Constitution. According to Article III, Section 3, a person is guilty of treason if he or she goes to war against the United States or gives “aid or comfort” to an enemy.
Why is Article III of the Constitution important to the judicial branch?
Article III of the Constitution, which establishes the Judicial Branch, leaves Congress significant discretion to determine the shape and structure of the federal judiciary.
Why was Roe v Wade a controversial case?
The decision struck down many U.S. federal and state abortion laws. Roe fueled an ongoing abortion debate in the United States about whether, or to what extent, abortion should be legal, who should decide the legality of abortion, and what the role of moral and religious views in the political sphere should be.
What does controversy mean in the Constitution?
It also refers to a justiciable dispute. In the context of Constitutional law, controversy refers to a definitive determination of the law on the facts alleged for the adjudication of an actual dispute, and not merely a hypothetical, theoretical, or speculative legal issue.
What is an Article III case?
The Constitution also allocates authority between the Supreme Court and other courts, as Article III describes the Supreme Court as having “original” jurisdiction over certain kinds of cases—which means that cases can start (originate) at the Supreme Court—and appellate jurisdiction over others.
What protections does Article 3 provide for criminal suspects?
The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment; shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.
What is Article 3 of the Constitution summary?
Article Three of the United States Constitution establishes the judicial branch of the federal government. Under Article Three, the judicial branch consists of the Supreme Court of the United States, as well as lower courts created by Congress.
What is Roe v Wade in simple terms?
Wade was a 1971 – 1973 landmark decision by the US Supreme Court. It ruled that a state law that banned abortion was unconstitutional. The decision said that a woman’s right to privacy extended to the fetus/unborn child she was carrying.