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What is farm mechanization in Nigeria?

What is farm mechanization in Nigeria?

Nigeria’s Mechanization Landscape. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), agricultural mechanization generally refers to the application of tools, implements, and powered machinery as inputs to achieve agricultural production.

Why is agricultural mechanization necessary in Nigeria?

Mechanization plays a vital role in enhancing sustainable food production, thereby boosting food security in Nigeria as exemplified in various mechanized operations in the farm that has to do with planting, germination, growth and weed control of the crops.

What are the types of agriculture mechanization?

Current mechanised agriculture includes the use of tractors, trucks, combine harvesters, countless types of farm implements, aeroplanes and helicopters (for aerial application), and other vehicles.

What is agricultural mechanization?

Agricultural mechanization started with the steam powered reapers and traction engine, then advanced with the invention of mobile hydraulics and electronic control systems that are used in modern machinery today.

What are the problems of agricultural mechanization in Nigeria?


  • Land tenure system: The types of land ownership in Nigeria do not allow the use of farm machines.
  • Poverty of farmers: Some farmers are poor and cannot afford to own farm machines.
  • Inadequate machines and facilities: Are not enough where they are available.

How can agricultural mechanization be improved in Nigeria?

Another way to enhance farm mechanization in Nigeria is to inspire the local production of some of these farm machinery and implements with raw materials sourced regionally. Nigeria is known to be endowed with numerous natural assets containing some of the raw materials that form the parts of these farm machines.

What are the benefits of mechanization of agriculture?


  • Timeliness of operation.
  • Precision of operation.
  • Improvement of work environment.
  • Enhancement of safety.
  • Reduction of drudgery of labour.
  • Reduction of loss of crops and food products.
  • Increased productivity of land.
  • Increased economic return to farmers.

What are the benefits of agricultural mechanization?

benefits of agricultural mechanization;

  • Increasing Productivity.
  • Timeliness of Operation.
  • Reduces health hazard due to manual or over labour drudgery.
  • Supplements human power several folds for heavy jobs.
  • It saves time.
  • Encourages large scale farming.
  • Promotes specialization of available manpower.
  • Create employment for youths.

What is an example of mechanization?

The process of beginning to use machines, technology, and automation to do work is called mechanization. A farm’s mechanization might include replacing a horse-drawn plow with a gas-powered tractor.

What is the importance of mechanization in agriculture?

Sustainable agricultural mechanization can also contribute significantly to the development of value chains and food systems as it has the potential to render postharvest, processing and marketing activities and functions more efficient, effective and environmentally friendly.

What are the factors that limit mechanization of agriculture in Nigeria?

The findings indicated that the major limiting factors to farm mechanization were the cost of hiring tractor services and inadequate sources of hiring points resulting in poor access to tractors and its implements.

What are the challenges of mechanization of agriculture?

The study exposed that illiteracy of the respondents (4.10), et al system (3.98), lack of trained machinery operators (4.27), access of roads to the farm (4.45), adequate capital (4.00) and costly inputs (3.80) were some of the challenges plaguing the use of agricultural mechanization in the rural area.

What is the mechanization rate of Agriculture in Nigeria?

With only about 2 percent reported to engage in mechanized agricultural system. Thus, the Nigerian farmers are often referred to as hand-hoe farmers. In fact, the mechanization rate in Nigeria is 0.27 hp/hectare. This is far below the FAO recommended rate of 1.5hp/hectare.

How can modern techniques help in improving agriculture in Nigeria?

The modern techniques involved in the adoption of the use of farm machines will not only help the country in improving agriculture, it will also boost the economy of the country. Improvement of agriculture through mechanization will bring Nigeria great respect in the committee of nations.

What is lacking in the farming system in Nigeria?

Which is totally lacking in the Nigerian farming system. Majority of the farmers in Nigeria still make use of crude farming tools such as hoe, matchet, diggers and so on. With only about 2 percent reported to engage in mechanized agricultural system. Thus, the Nigerian farmers are often referred to as hand-hoe farmers.

What is the major objective of agricultural mechanization?

The major objective for agricultural mechanization is to boost the productivity of the farm, support the production of large quantities, and better the quality of farm produce.