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What is the estimated extinction debt?

What is the estimated extinction debt?

Technically, extinction debt generally refers to the number of species in an area likely to become extinct, rather than the prospects of any one species, but colloquially it refers to any occurrence of delayed extinction.

What are the 4 drivers of extinction?

Proportion of near-threatened and threatened species affected by each of the four threat categories used in the current analysis (habitat alteration, invasive species, climate change, overexploitation).

What can cause extinction?


  • Demographic and genetic phenomena.
  • Destruction of wild habitats.
  • Introduction of invasive species.
  • Climate change.
  • Hunting and illegal trafficking.

How does the extinction vortex work?

A Vortex: The A vortex is a result of an increase in the impact of genetic drift on the population, due to the population’s decreased size. This corresponds with a decrease in genetic variance which leads to a decrease in “population adaptive potential”, and eventual extinction.

What is extinction debt in ecology?

The concept of extinction debt is related to relaxation time but specifies the number or proportion of extant species predicted to become extinct as the species community reaches a new equilibrium after an environmental perturbation [7] (Figure 1a).

Can humans extinct?

The scientific consensus is that there is a relatively low risk of near-term human extinction due to natural causes. The likelihood of human extinction through its own activities, however, is a current area of research and debate.

What are the types of extinction?

There are two types of extinction: background extinction, which is a natural part of evolution, and mass extinction, which typically means some form of catastrophic event (such as a volcano eruption or an asteroid hitting the Earth) has decimated plant and animal life.

What are the effects of extinction?

Consequences of species extinctions at local or regional scales. Species extinction at local or regional scales implies in general a decline in species richness (number of species) and a decline in biodiversity. There is strong evidence that species richness in an area enhances ecosystem productivity and stability.

What population conditions make an extinction vortex likely to occur?

What population conditions make an extinction vortex likely to occur? little genetic variability. A population with little genetic variability is at risk for a reduction in fitness, which can lead to high mortality and low reproduction.

What is an extinction cascade?

Extinction cascades, also known as secondary extinctions or coextinctions, are extinctions that occur as a result of another, “primary”, extinction. They’ve been a popular topic for many years in the ecological “network” literature.