Live truth instead of professing it

What is the importance of the Rajatarangini?

What is the importance of the Rajatarangini?

Rajatarangini, work of Kalhana, a 12th century CE poet, is a work of great importance in knowing the history of Kashmir. It is an unbiased work of the past that possesses great historical insight. It is a Sanskrit account of the various advent of Islam.

What is the contribution of Kalhana?

Kalhana (Sanskrit: कल्हण, romanized: kalhaṇa) was the author of Rajatarangini (River of Kings), an account of the history of Kashmir. He wrote the work in Sanskrit between 1148 and 1149. All information regarding his life has to be deduced from his own writing, a major scholar of which is Mark Aurel Stein.

What was Kalhana’s book Rajatarangini about class 7?

The book includes the Gonanda dynasty ruling, being dethroned and then being restored. It was followed by the Karkota dynasty, The First Lohara Dynasty and the second Lohara dynasty. All information about these Dynasties are scattered in a collection of eight books. This collection is known as Rajatarangini.

What was the content of the text Rajatarangini?

The ancient Indian text ‘Rajatarangini’ is a composition of Kalhana. Rajatarangini is written in Sanskrit verse by the Kashmiri Brahman Kalhana in 1148. It covers the whole span of history in the Kashmir region from the earliest instances to the date of its composition. Bilhana was a Kashmiri poet.

Who was the first king of Kashmir?

Jammu and Kashmir (princely state)

Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu
• 16 March 1846 – 30 June 1857 Gulab Singh (first)
• 23 September 1925 – 17 November 1952 Hari Singh (last)

What was unusual about Kalhana’s writing?

What was unusual about Kalhana’s writing? Answer: Unusual thing for the twelfth century was a long Sanskrit poem. It contained the history of kings who ruled over Kashmir.

What is the name of Kalhana’s book?

Kings of Káshmíra1900

Who wrote Rajatarangini very short answer?

It was written in Sanskrit by Kashmiri historian Kalhana in the 12th century CE. The work consists of 7826 verses, which are divided into eight books called Tarangas (“waves”).

Who wrote the Rajatarangini theme?

The Rajatarangini is an epic poem (mahakavya) in Sanskrit running into nearly 8000 verses that are spread over eight books or sections. It was composed in 1148‑50 in Kashmir, India. The poet, Kalhana, was a member of the ancient Indian learned class of brahmans.

Who arranged the translation of Rajatarangini in Persian?

It consists of 7826 verses. It was originally written in the Sanskrit language. Rajatarangini was widely referenced by later historians and ethnographers. Rajatarangini was translated to Persian by Zain-ul-Abidin.

Who is called Mother of India?


Name Nation Title (translation)
Sarojini Naidu (Nightingale of India) India Mother of the Nation
Dame Whina Cooper New Zealand Mother of the Nation
Miss. Fatima Jinnah Pakistan Mother of the Nation/Leader of Pakistani Women Rights
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela South Africa Mother of the Nation

What is the main idea of Rajatarangini by Kalhana?

Through the Rajatarangini, Kalhana aims to show by means of the chronicles of the kings, that material prosperity and royal possessions are objects of transitory glory. He intends to show the effect of Karma in influencing human destiny.

What is the Rajatarangini?

It is no surprise that much of the history of the previous two generations, he got from his father and father’s friends who held key-posts in the politics of their times. The Rajatarangini consists of eight books (Chapters) of unequal size, written in Sanskrit language in nearly 8,000 verses of rare literary merit.

Who translated Kalhana’s Rajatarangini?

A Persian translation of Rajatarangini was commissioned by Zain-ul-Abidin, who ruled Kashmir in the 15th century CE. Horace Hayman Wilson partially translated the work, and wrote an essay based on it, titled The Hindu History of Kashmir (published in Asiatic Researches Volume 15). Subsequent English translations of Kalhana’s Rajatarangini include:

Who was Kalhana?

Kalhana was an educated and sophisticated Sanskrit scholar, well-connected in the highest political circles. His writing is full of literary devices and allusions, concealed by his unique and elegant style.