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Who built the castle Masjid in Aleppo?

Who built the castle Masjid in Aleppo?

Its construction was finished in 1094 during Tutush’s rule. The architect of the project was Hasan ibn Mufarraj al-Sarmini.

What was the symbolism of the design of the Great mosque of Kairouan?

The Great Mosque of Kairouan was a public structure, set along roads that served a city with a vibrant commercial, educational, and religious life. As such, it assumed the important function of representing a cosmopolitan and urbane Kairouan, one of the first cities organized under Muslim rule in North Africa.

What type of plan was the Great Mosque of Damascus?

basilical plan
Unlike the simpler mosques of the time, the Umayyad Mosque had a large basilical plan with three parallel aisles and a perpendicular central nave leading from the mosque’s entrance to the world’s second concave mihrab (prayer niche).

Who built the Great Umayyad mosque?

Umayyad Caliph al-Walīd I
Great Mosque of Damascus, also called Umayyad Mosque, the earliest surviving stone mosque, built between 705 and 715 ce by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walīd I, who proclaimed to his citizens: “People of Damascus, four things give you a marked superiority over the rest of the world: your climate, your water, your fruits, and …

Does Aleppo exist?

It is situated in the northwestern part of the country, about 30 miles (50 km) south of the Turkish border. Aleppo is located at the crossroads of great commercial routes and lies some 60 miles (100 km) from both the Mediterranean Sea (west) and the Euphrates River (east).

What are the design features of the Great Friday Mosque?

The Great Mosque is rectangular in its plan and is surrounded by an exterior wall. Walls: The walls of the Great Mosque comprise sun-baked mud bricks called ferey and sand and dirt-based mortar. The walls are coated with mud plaster, giving the walls a smooth look and protection from the elements.

What are the features of a mosque?

Place of prostration The simplest mosque would be a prayer room with a wall marked with a “mihrab” – a niche indicating the direction of Mecca, which Muslims should face when praying. A typical mosque also includes a minaret, a dome and a place to wash before prayers. Each feature has its own significance.

Why was the Great Mosque constructed?

According to legend, the original Great Mosque was probably erected in the 13th century, when King Koi Konboro—Djenné’s twenty-sixth ruler and its first Muslim sultan (king)—decided to use local materials and traditional design techniques to build a place of Muslim worship in town.

What are architectural features of a mosque?

Mosque Features The main doorway is oriented in the direction of Mecca. Most mosques have a “qibla” (a marking the showed the direction of Mecca). There are two main styles of mosque architecture: 1) hypostyle, in which the roof is supported on pillars: and 2) domical, where the walls are surrounded by a dome.

What is Islamic architecture style?

Islamic architecture is a centuries-old category of architecture that is rooted in the principles of Islam. The striking sculptural forms and often dazzling ornamental detail that characterizes Islamic buildings include some of the most awe-inspiring built structures on Earth.

Who built the Great Mosque of Aleppo in Aleppo?

Built by the Umayyad Caliph Suleyman in 717 CE and altered several times, the Great Mosque of Aleppo remains one of the architectural masterpieces of the Muslim world. Figure 1. The Hamdanid nafourah, ablution fountain and its dome were constructed by Kara’wih, the servant of Sayf Al-Dawlah in 354 AH

What happened to the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo?

A decade after the completion of the Great Umayyad Mosque in Damascus (circa 700 AD), Caliph Al-Walid decided to recreate the mosque in Aleppo, but passed away before the work was complete. His brother, Caliph Suleiman, became his successor and followed through with the mosque’s construction, completing it in 717 AD.

What is the history of the Great Mosque of Al-Khobar?

The site of the Great Mosque was once the agora of the Hellenistic period, which later became the garden for the Cathedral of Saint Helena during the Christian era of Roman rule in Syria.

What does the Great Mosque of Damascus look like?

The Great Mosque contains a number of architectural similarities to the Great Mosque of Damascus, including a hypostyle plan with large marbled courtyard surrounded by porticoes. The vast courtyard connects to different areas of the mosque, positioned behind the colonnaded arcade.