## Does Bose-Einstein condensate exist?

An international team of researchers has successfully produced a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in space for the first time.

**Can Bose-Einstein condensate flow?**

Working in the hydrodynamic limit, we observe a conductivity that is 4 orders of magnitude larger than previously reported conductivities for a Bose-Einstein condensate with a tunnel junction….Resistive flow in a weakly interacting Bose-Einstein condensate.

Comments: | Version published in PRL |
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Journal reference: | Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 045305 (25 July 2014) |

**Is Bose-Einstein condensate made of bosons?**

Many physicists believed it could not be done, but now a team in Germany has created a Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) from photons. BECs are formed when identical bosons – particles with integer spin – are cooled until all particles are in the same quantum state.

### How do you make Bose-Einstein condensate at home?

To make a Bose-Einstein condensate, you start with a cloud of diffuse gas. Many experiments start with atoms of rubidium. Then you cool it with lasers, using the beams to take energy away from the atoms. After that, to cool them further, scientists use evaporative cooling.

**How Bose-Einstein condensate is formed?**

A gas of atoms is trapped and cooled by lasers. A magnetic trap then allows the hottest atoms to escape, resulting in a gas so cold and so dense that it coalesces into a “superatom”—the Bose-Einstein condensate.

**What can Bose-Einstein condensate be used for?**

Condensates are very helpful quantum simulators: we use them to recreate more complex situations that we yet fail to fully understand in quantum mechanics, such as superconductors or other properties of a solid.

## Do time crystals exist?

Discrete time crystals have in fact been observed in physics laboratories as early as 2016 (published in 2017). One example of a time crystal, which demonstrates non-equilibrium, broken time symmetry is a constantly rotating ring of charged ions in an otherwise lowest-energy state.

**Why is Bose-Einstein condensate important?**

An important effect, that can observed in Bose Einstein Condensates, is quantum mechanical tunneling. It means that a small fraction of the condensate can overcome a barrier that could not be overcome by a classical particle. A fraction of the condensate “tunnels” through this barrier.

**What are some examples of Bose Einstein condensates?**

The change of a gaseous substance into a liquid state is known as condensation.

### Where would you find a Bose Einstein condensate?

Quantum information processing- concept of quantum computer.

**Where would you find a Bose Einstein condersate?**

Bose-Einstein condensation on hyperbolic spaces. A well-known conjecture in mathematical physics asserts that the interacting Bose gas exhibits condensation in the thermodynamic limit. We prove the analog of this conjecture in hyperbolic spaces. The existence of a volume-independent spectral gap of the hyperbolic Laplacian plays a key role in

**Can Bose Einstein condensate be a solid liquid or gas?**

Bose-Einstein condensates are not like the forms of matter you are most familiar with such as solids and liquids. This form of matter is not vaporous like a gas or fluid like a liquid or hard like a solid.