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How is a mastoid surgery performed?

How is a mastoid surgery performed?

A mastoidectomy is performed with the patient fully asleep (under general anesthesia). A surgical cut (incision) is made behind the ear. The mastoid bone is then exposed and opened with a surgical drill. The infection or growth is then removed.

Who performs a mastoidectomy?

An otolaryngologist/head and neck surgeon will do the operation. An otolaryngologist (say OH-toe-lar-ing-olo-gist) is a doctor who specializes in problems with the ear, nose and throat. The doctor makes a cut behind the ear and takes out the affected mastoid bone.

What is major ear surgery?

A mastoidectomy is a surgical procedure that removes diseased mastoid air cells. The mastoid is the part of your skull located behind your ear. It’s filled with air cells made of bone and looks like a honey comb. The diseased cells are often the result of an ear infection that has spread into your skull.

How long is a mastoidectomy surgery?

The infected parts of the mastoid bone or ear tissue will be removed and the cut is stitched and covered with a bandage. The surgeon may put a drain behind the ear to prevent fluid from collecting around the incision. The operation will take 2 to 3 hours.

What is MRM surgery in ear?

Since then modified radical mastoidectomy (MRM) is the term used to describe an operative technique done for managing cholesteatoma in which the all diseased tympanomastoid air cells are removed, exenterated and exteriorized to the external auditory canal with reconstruction of middle ear transformer mechanism.

How many types of ear surgery are there?

There are four different surgeries carried out to treat middle ear disorders, which include: Myringoplasty: It is a surgery to repair a hole in the eardrum. Ossiculoplasty: It involves rectification of the middle ear bone problems. These bones are responsible for transmitting sound from the eardrum to the inner ear.

How serious is ear surgery?

Risks can include bleeding, infection at the surgery site, and allergic reactions to medications and anesthesia given during the procedure. Complications from eardrum repair surgery are rare but can include: damage to your facial nerve or the nerve controlling your sense of taste.

What is the mastoid process?

The mastoid process is a pyramidal bony projection from the posterior section of the temporal bone. The superior border of the mastoid portion of the temporal bone articulates with the parietal bone. It might be a good idea to learn the full anatomy of the skull before zoning in on specific structures like the mastoid practice.

What are the different types of mastoidectomy procedures?

There are variations of mastoidectomy procedures, including: simple mastoidectomy, in which your surgeon opens your mastoid bone, removes the infected air cells, and drains your middle ear radical mastoidectomy, in which your surgeon may remove your mastoid air cells, your eardrum, most of your middle ear structures, and your ear canal.

What does the posterior border of the mastoid process articulate with?

The posterior border articulates with the occipital bone, and the anterior border is merged with the descending portion of the squamous section of the temporal bone. The petrosquamous suture runs vertically from the superior border of the mastoid process.

What happens when your mastoid process is damaged?

The journal Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction reports that a blunt traumatic head injury can damage the mastoid process and cause pain. For example, there are nerves and muscles connected to your mastoid. Damage to the mastoid can cause facial paralysis, damage to the inner or middle ear, or internal bleeding. 8