What are exocentric compounds?
Exocentric compounds are compounds in which either the morphosyntactic properties or the semantic category of the whole word do not correlate with one of its constituents. For instance, a dikbuik fat-belly fat person is not a type of belly, but a person with a fat belly.
What is an exocentric compound examples?
Examples of exocentric compounds include scarecrow, redhead, pickpocket, showoff and paperback. They’re called exocentric because a scarecrow isn’t a kind of crow and a redhead isn’t a kind of head.
What is the difference between Endocentric and Exocentric?
In theoretical linguistics, a distinction is made between endocentric and exocentric constructions. A grammatical construction (for instance, a phrase or compound) is said to be endocentric if it fulfils the same linguistic function as one of its parts, and exocentric if it does not.
What is an endocentric compound?
Endocentric compound is a type of compound in which one member functions as the head and the other as its modifier, attributing a property to the head. The relation between the members of an endocentric compound can be schematized as ‘AB is (a) B’.
What is exocentric compound in morphology?
In morphology, an exocentric compound is a compound construction that lacks a head word: That is, the construction as a whole is not grammatically and/or semantically equivalent to either of its parts. Also called a headless compound.
What is exocentric in linguistics?
The definition of exocentric is two or more parts of a phrase that are different parts of speech and, when combined, form another part of speech which is different from all of the parts. An example of an exocentric construction is when a noun is combined with a verb phrase to form a sentence; Mr.
Is Bearskin endocentric or exocentric?
7.2 Compound Words In the sentence, “The room contained a bearskin rug,” what kind of compound is bearskin? Endocentric.
What is exocentric model?
In morphology, an exocentric compound is a compound construction that lacks a head word: That is, the construction as a whole is not grammatically and/or semantically equivalent to either of its parts.
What is egocentric and exocentric?
As adjectives the difference between egocentric and exocentric. is that egocentric is selfish, self-centered while exocentric is (linguistics|of a phrase or compound) not having the same part of speech as any of its constituent words.
What are some examples of endocentric?
‘ The head word in the endocentric construction is ‘board’ as the colors merely modify the meaning of the head. Other examples of endocentric constructions in compounds include the ‘saw’ in ‘hacksaw’ and the ‘brush’ in ‘hairbrush.
What is exocentric word group?
Exocentric definition ĕksō-sĕntrĭk. Of or relating to a group of syntactically related words, none of which is functionally equivalent to the function of the whole group. For example, none of the words in the phrase on the table is an adverb, yet they combine to form a phrase having adverbial function.
What is Copulative compound?
3) Copulative compounds are compounds that have two words which are coupled or conjoined. Linguists distinguish at least three types of compound words based on the different semantic relations between the head and modifier(s), there are endocentric compound, copulative compound, and exocentric compound.
What is exocentricity in grammar?
Exocentricity in compounds formed by antonymic predicates and univer- egorial or morphological properties of words. In contrast, in this section we will and not by the formal licensing conditions on categorial or morphological features. while the morphology and syntax is subject to parametrisation.
What is the exocentricity of pound?
egorial exocentricity. Some Romance co mpounds are morphologically exocentric, pound as a whole is interpreted as an agent or instrument. In other words, the of its constituents.
What triggers exocentricity?
In their view, exocentricity could be triggered by the complement-head relation between the constituents, characterizing the class as a whole. Subordinate and synthetic represent well-attested modes of compounding across languages.
What is the difference between endocentric and exocentric?
This person is not on ResearchGate, or hasn’t claimed this research yet. Th e identifi cation of a compound as endocentric or exocentric depends on the notion of head: if a compound has a head (or two), it is called endocentric; if it has no head, it is called exocentric.