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What are the 4 macromolecules and why are they important?

What are the 4 macromolecules and why are they important?

For example, macromolecules provide structural support, a source of stored fuel, the ability to store and retrieve genetic information, and the ability to speed biochemical reactions. Four major types of macromolecules—proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, and lipids—play these important roles in the life of a cell.

What are RNA and DNA examples of?

Nucleic acids, macromolecules made out of units called nucleotides, come in two naturally occurring varieties: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA).

What are the building blocks of nucleic acid?

​Nucleotide A nucleotide is the basic building block of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA). A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base.

What are the 4 biomolecules?

biomolecule, also called biological molecule, any of numerous substances that are produced by cells and living organisms. Biomolecules have a wide range of sizes and structures and perform a vast array of functions. The four major types of biomolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins.

What is difference RNA and DNA?

There are two differences that distinguish DNA from RNA: (a) RNA contains the sugar ribose, while DNA contains the slightly different sugar deoxyribose (a type of ribose that lacks one oxygen atom), and (b) RNA has the nucleobase uracil while DNA contains thymine.

What are the 5 macromolecules?

Types of biological macromolecules

Biological macromolecule Building blocks
Carbohydrates Monosaccharides (simple sugars)
Lipids Fatty acids and glycerol
Proteins Amino acids
Nucleic acids Nucleotides

What are 4 classes of macromolecules?

There are four major classes of biological macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids), and each is an important component of the cell and performs a wide array of functions.

What are 4 types of nucleic acids?

The most common types of nucleic acids are: deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) ribonucleic acid (RNA) messenger RNA (mRNA)