What is an example of speech community?
Speech-community definition The definition of a speech community is a group of people who speak the same language and share the same words and grammar rules. An example of a speech community is the group of English language speakers throughout the World.
What is speech community according to Gumperz?
Gumperz defined the community of speech: Any human aggregate characterized by regular and frequent interaction by means of a shared body of verbal signs and set off from similar aggregates by significant differences in language usage.
What is speech community explain it in detail?
A speech community is a group of people who share rules for conducting and interpreting at least one variety of a language or dialect. The term can be applied to a neighborhood, a city, a region or a nation.
What is speech community John Lyons?
In addition, John Lyons (1970: 326) defines that speech community refers to all people who use a given language (or dialect). Language used in community called a speech community. In community, it is possible the members have different language. and ability.
Is Nigeria a speech community?
Nigeria is an Page 6 example of a multilingual speech community. Others include countries like India and Ghana. By speech repertoire, we mean the totality of languages, dialects and their superposed social and cultural variants possessed by an individual or community.
How do you identify a speech community?
Yang Xiaoli (2006) holds that three factors are crucial for identifying a speech community: “area” that indicates a relatively fixed scope, “population” that are relatively stable and appropriate in number, and “language variety” accepted and used by a people in an area.
How does Gumperz definition of a speech community differ from that of Hymes?
Yet introducing each new conception one finds little or no reference to existing ones: Gumperz is not concerned with stratification, or Labov with shared communicative patterns across language areas, while Hymes discusses interactional criteria only with reference to Bloomfield, not Gumperz.
What is the importance of speech community?
Speech communities are groups that share values and attitudes about language use, varieties and practices. These communities develop through prolonged interaction among those who operate within these shared and recognized beliefs and value systems regarding forms and styles of communication.
What is the most important characteristic of a speech community?
On the basis of this analysis, Labov suggested that the most useful defining characteristic of a speech community was precisely such shared linguistics norms. Others have suggested shared rules of use, density of patterns of interaction, or a shared pattern of variation.
How does Gumperz define language?
Throughout the entry, Gumperz observes and defines some key social variables and populations that merit investigation. Gumperz begins this entry with defining language as both a verbal interaction and a social practice, with both sides deserving equal study.
What did John Gumperz mean by’descent with modification’?
John Gumperz described how dialectologists had taken issue with the dominant approach in historical linguistics that saw linguistic communities as homogeneous and localized entities in a way that allowed for drawing neat tree diagrams based on the principle of ‘descent with modification’ and shared innovations.
What are some examples of speech communities?
Such groups can be villages, countries, political or professional communities, communities with shared interests, hobbies, or lifestyles, or even just groups of friends. Speech communities may share both particular sets of vocabulary and grammatical conventions, as well as speech styles and genres,…
What are the speech norms of speech communities?
Each speech community has different norms that they tend to share only partially. Communities may be de-localized and unbounded rather than local, and they often comprise different sub-communities with differing speech norms.