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What is long range radiation?

What is long range radiation?

Outgoing Long-wave Radiation (OLR) is electromagnetic radiation of wavelengths from 3–100 μm emitted from Earth and its atmosphere out to space in the form of thermal radiation. It is also referred to as up-welling long-wave radiation and terrestrial long-wave flux, among others.

What is longwave radiation measured in?

In meteorological terms, pyrgeometers are used to measure “downward and upward longwave irradiance”. Longwave radiation is the part of radiation that is not emitted by the sun. Hukseflux pyrgeometers are suitable for day-and-night longwave irradiance measurements in meteorological applications.

What is longwave vs shortwave radiation?

Shortwave and longwave radiation interacts with the earth and atmosphere in different ways. Shortwave radiation (visible light) contains a lot of energy; longwave radiation (infrared light) contains less energy than shortwave radiation (shortwave radiation has a shorter wavelength than longwave radation).

Where is longwave radiation the highest?

subtropical deserts
As a consequence, the maximum outgoing longwave radiation is found above warm dry areas such as the subtropical deserts. More generally, wet equatorial areas generally emit less radiation than dry tropical areas (Fig.

What is longwave or terrestrial radiation?

Electromagnetic radiation emitted by the Earth’s surface and atmosphere is called terrestrial or longwave radiation (the latter being the preference of the World Meteorological Organization).

What is long-wave infrared radiation?

A type of long-wave radiation that extends from the red edge of the visible spectrum. Earth emits longwave radiation because Earth is cooler than the sun. When solar radiation reaches Earth the ground heats up and re-emits energy as longwave radiation in the form of infrared rays.

How is outgoing longwave radiation measured?

Outgoing Longwave Radiation (OLR): AVHRR OLR observations are made via the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) instrument aboard the NOAA polar orbiting spacecraft. The raw ascending and descending swath data have been spatially and temporarally interpolated onto grids to facilitate use.

Is infrared short or long wavelength?

Infrared waves have longer wavelengths than visible light and can pass through dense regions of gas and dust in space with less scattering and absorption.

Is solar radiation shortwave or longwave?

The Earth-Atmosphere Energy Balance

Incoming energy Outgoing energy
Units Source Source
+100 Shortwave radiation from the sun. Shortwave radiation reflected back to space by clouds.
Shortwave radiation reflected to space by the earth’s surface.
Longwave radiation from the atmosphere into space.

What happens longwave radiation?

Emitted LONGWAVE Radiation Radiation from the warmed upper atmosphere, along with a small amount from the Earth’s surface, radiates out to space. Most of the emitted longwave radiation warms the lower atmosphere, which in turn warms our planet’s surface.

What affects longwave radiation?

Clouds usually have a higher heat content and higher temperature than clear atmosphere, and therefore there is increased downwelling longwave radiation on cloudy days.

What is longwave radiation?

In this discussion, we refer to longwave radiation as radiation emitted by the earth’s surface, or the atmosphere, having wavelengths greater than about 4 μm. The effect of clouds on longwave radiation is quite different from that of for shortwave radiation.

What is the longwave frequency range?

The “Longwave Club of America” ( United States) is interested in “frequencies below the AM broadcast band” (i.e., all frequencies below 520 kHz). Because of their long wavelength, radio waves in this frequency range can diffract over obstacles like mountain ranges and travel beyond the horizon, following the contour of the Earth.

What is the wavelength of radiation emitted from the Earth?

…emitted from Earth is called longwave radiation; it falls within the infrared portion of the spectrum and has typical wavelengths of 4 to 30 micrometres (0.0002 to 0.001 inch). Wavelengths of radiation emitted by a body depend on the temperature of the body, as specified by Planck’s radiation law.

What is the wavelength of infrared radiation in micrometers?

Over 99% of outgoing long-wave radiation has wavelengths between 4 μm and 100 μm, in the thermal infrared part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Contributions with wavelengths larger than 40 μm are small, therefore often only wavelengths up to 50 μm are considered .