What is so special about Erta Ale?
Its persistent lava lake has been active throughout most of the past decades, a feature that is shared with just a few other volcanoes in the world. On the top of Erta Ale, visitors will be amazed by the volcano’s elongated caldera (measuring 1700 x 600 meters) with its vast lava flows and numerous pit craters.
What does the name Erta Ale mean?
Tectonic setting: Erta Ale (meaning “smoking mountain”) is part of theEast African Rift, where the African Continent is tearing apart along a seam that runs from the Red Sea/Gulf of Aden (two other arms of the rift themselves) south through eastern Africa.
What does the volcano’s name Erta Ale mean in the local Afar language?
What does the volcano’s name, Erta Ale, mean in the local Afar language? Smoking Mountain. You just studied 64 terms!
What happened when Erta Ale erupted?
Scientists from the Afar Consortium Project observed the lava lake at Erta Ale during 21-23 November. They noted Strombolian activity from the lava lake in the southern pit crater. The lava lake had filled the pit crater and breached the W rim, spilling two lava flows into the main crater.
What caused Erta Ale to erupt?
Erta Ale is centered over the East African Rift system, which is a triple junction setting whose movements are resulting in the formation of a pull-apart basin or rift. The volcano comprises mainly mafic material which has been brought up to the surface caused by unroofing of the mantle due to this rift formation.
How often does Erta Ale erupt?
Erta Ale has undergone seven eruption events in the past 125 years. Three of the early eruption dates, 1873, 1903, and 1904 are uncertain. However, 1906, 1940, 1960, and 1967 are well established events. Erta Ale has been erupting continuously since 1967.
How old is the lava lake in Ethiopia?
Where is nyamuragira?
the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Nyamulagira, also known as Nyamuragira, is a large shield volcano in the Democratic Republic of the Congo near the borders of Uganda and Rwanda.
Where is Afar Triangle?
The Afar Triangle in northern Ethiopia is one of the harshest, most remote environments on Earth.
Is Erta Ale active today?
Erta Ale (or Ertale or Irta’ale; Amharic: ኤርታሌ) is a continuously active basaltic shield volcano in the Afar Region of northeastern Ethiopia. It is situated in the Afar Depression, a barren desert area. Erta Ale is the most active volcano in Ethiopia….
|2005 to 2020
What is one thing you learned about volcanoes like Erta Ale in Ethiopia?
While there are only five known volcanos with lava lakes globally, Erta Ale often has two active lava lakes – making it a unique site. Erta Ale was discovered in 1906, making it the longest-known lava lake.
When was the last time Erta Ale eruption?
2009Erta Ale / Last eruption
Where is Erta Ale located in Ethiopia?
Afar Depression, Afar Region, Ethiopia. Erta Ale (or Ertale or Irta’ale) is a continuously active basaltic shield volcano in the Afar Region of northeastern Ethiopia. It is situated in the Afar Depression, a badland desert area.
What are the geologic features near Erta Ale?
Geologic features near Erta Ale, Afar region. Erta Ale is a shield volcano in the Afar region of East Africa. Erta Ale is a remote and rarely visited volcano that is known currently to have an active lava lake in its summit crater. Erta Ale has undergone seven eruption events in the past 125 years.
What is going on in the Afar Region?
The Afar region and the Ethiopian-Eritrean border has been fraught with tensions over the years, with tribal violence between Afar people not uncommon. Relationships have drastically improved of late and all excursion to the Danakil come accompanied by armed scouts.
What is the Danakil Depression in Ethiopia?
The Danakil Depression is one of the hottest, lowest, and driest places on the planet. In the northernmost pocket of Ethiopia, it is home to salt lakes, lava lakes, volcanoes and neon acid springs. The remoteness of the Danakil combined…