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What is the best treatment for essential hypertension?

What is the best treatment for essential hypertension?

How is essential hypertension treated?

  • Exercise at least 30 minutes a day.
  • Lose weight if you’re overweight.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Limit your alcohol intake to no more than one drink a day if you’re a woman and two drinks a day if you’re a man.
  • Reduce your stress levels.

What is the first line treatment for essential hypertension?

There are three main classes of medication that are usually in the first line of treatment for hypertension: 1. Calcium Channel Blockers (CCB) 2. Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors or ACE-I) and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers (ARBs) 3. Diuretics.

Is asymptomatic hypertension treated?

An immediate diagnostic evaluation is not required in the initial management of severe asymptomatic hypertension. Aggressive lowering of blood pressure can be harmful and should be avoided in patients with severe asymptomatic hypertension. Gradual reduction over several days to weeks is recommended.

Which is better atenolol or amlodipine?

Compared to atenolol, amlodipine therapy decreased systolic blood pressure more effectively in LH and DOCA rats, but less effectively in SHR and 2K1C rats. The combination of atenolol and amlodipine (10 + 1 mg/kg) produced the largest effect on blood pressure reduction in all four types of hypertensive rats.

Can amlodipine be given in hypertensive urgency?

Conclusion: The choice of medication used for the treatment of hypertensive urgency ranged from Amlodipine, Captopril, Hydralazine, and Nifedipine, which varied in dosage.

What is the best first line of treatment for hypertension?

Principles of drug therapy: Chlorthalidone (12.5-25 mg) is the preferred diuretic because of long half-life and proven reduction of CVD risk.

  • Initial first-line therapy for stage 1 hypertension includes thiazide diuretics,CCBs,and ACE inhibitors or ARBs.
  • CKD: BP goal should be <130/80 mm Hg.
  • What is the best treatment for hypertension?

    Losing weight if you are overweight or obese

  • Quitting smoking.
  • Following the DASH eating plan,which stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension.
  • Reducing the amount of sodium in your diet to less than 1,500 milligrams a day if you have high blood pressure; healthy adults should try to limit their sodium intake
  • What are the first line medications for hypertension?

    Normal blood pressure (BP): systolic BP is less than 120,and diastolic BP is less than 80.

  • Elevated BP: systolic BP 120 to 130 and diastolic BP is less than 80.
  • Stage 1 HTN: systolic BP 130 to 139 or diastolic BP 80 to 89.
  • Stage 2 HTN: systolic BP at least 140 or diastolic at least 90.
  • What is the first line drug for hypertension?

    Thiazide and thiazide-like diuretics are usually the first-line of treatment for hypertension; in JNC8 guidelines, the thiazide diuretics can be used as the first-line treatment for HTN (either alone or in combination with other antihypertensives) in all age groups regardless of race unless the patient has evidence of chronic kidney disease where angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor blocker is indicated.