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What is the diacritical mark that indicates a long vowel sound?

What is the diacritical mark that indicates a long vowel sound?

1. A symbol ( ¯ ) placed over a vowel to show that it has a long sound.

How is a long vowel sound indicated?

The short vowels can represented by a curved symbol above the vowel: ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, ŭ. The long vowels can be represented by a horizontal line above the vowel: ā, ē, ī, ō, ū. Here are some examples of short vowel words: at, egg, it, ox, up. Here are some examples of long vowel words: ate, each, ice, oak, use.

What do diacritical marks indicate?

Diacritics are marks placed above or below (or sometimes next to) a letter in a word to indicate a particular pronunciation—in regard to accent, tone, or stress—as well as meaning, especially when a homograph exists without the marked letter or letters.

What accent mark makes the long a sound?

Macron (pronounced /mā-ˌkrän/): ā, ē, ī, ō A macron is a straight line ( − ) that is placed over a vowel. This symbol gives a vowel a long sound.

What is a macron symbol?

a symbol (ˉ) written or printed above a vowel to show that it is pronounced with a long sound: “Maori” should be written with a macron on the “a.” The five vowels come in long and short forms; the long form is sometimes signified in print by a macron (a flat bar) above the letter.

What is a breve mark?

Definition of breve 1 : a note equivalent to two whole notes. 2 : a curved mark ˘ used to indicate a short vowel or a short or unstressed syllable.

What are the types of diacritical mark?

Usage of these accents and marks is not restricted to the letters shown in the examples.

  • é – accent acute.
  • è – accent grave.
  • ê – circumflex.
  • ë – umlaut or diaerisis.
  • ç – cedilla.
  • ñ – tilde.
  • ø – streg.
  • ð – eth (capital form Ð)

What is the symbol for long a?

Ā, lowercase ā, is a grapheme, a Latin A with a macron, used in several orthographies. Ā is used to denote a long A.

How do I use diacritical marks in word?

For more info, see Insert a symbol in Word….Keyboard shortcuts to add language accent marks in Word.

To insert this Press
á, é, í, ó, ú, ý Á, É, Í, Ó, Ú, Ý CTRL+’ (APOSTROPHE), the letter
â, ê, î, ô, û Â, Ê, Î, Ô, Û CTRL+SHIFT+^ (CARET), the letter
ã, ñ, õ Ã, Ñ, Õ CTRL+SHIFT+~ (TILDE), the letter
ä, ë, ï, ö, ü, ÿ, Ä, Ë, Ï, Ö, Ü, Ÿ CTRL+SHIFT+: (COLON), the letter

What is a macron diacritical mark?

: a mark − placed over a vowel to indicate that the vowel is long or placed over a syllable or used alone to indicate a stressed or long syllable in a metrical foot.

What does the long vowel mark over a vowel indicate?

The long vowel mark placed over a vowel indicates that it will be pronounced just as it sounds when we recite the alphabet: The short vowel mark placed over a vowel is as follows: (Note that no mark is given for short y; the short i sound is used instead.)

What are diacritical marks in phonetics?

In phonetics, a diacritical mark is a glyph —or symbol—added to a letter that alters its sense, function, or pronunciation. It is also known as a diacritic or an accent mark. A diacritical mark is a point, sign, or squiggle added or attached to a letter or character to indicate appropriate stress, special pronunciation,…

How do you indicate long vowels in syllabic letters?

Although long vowels originally were indicated with a negative line through the Syllabic glyphs, making the glyph appear broken, in the modern forms, a dot above is used to indicate vowel length. In some of the styles, a ring above indicates a long vowel with a [j] off-glide.

How do you mark long vowels in Latin?

In Latin, many of the more recent dictionaries and learning materials use the macron as the modern equivalent of the ancient Roman apex to mark long vowels. Any of the six vowel letters (ā, ē, ī, ō, ū, ӯ) can bear it.