What were the rebellions of Upper and Lower Canada?
Rebellions of 1837, also known as Rebellions of 1837–38, rebellions mounted in 1837–38 in each colony of Upper and Lower Canada against the British Crown and the political status quo. The revolt in Lower Canada was the more serious and violent of the two.
How were Upper and Lower Canada different?
The Canada Act of 1791 divided the colony of Quebec into two parts along the Ottawa River. The names “upper” and “lower” come from their position along the St. Lawrence River. Upper Canada was up river, closer to the source and Lower Canada was down river, closer to the mouth of the great waterway.
How was the Upper Canada rebellion similar to the Lower Canada Rebellion?
The revolt in Lower Canada was more serious and violent than the rebellion in Upper Canada. However, both events inspired the pivotal Durham Report. It led to the Act of Union, which merged the two colonies into the Province of Canada. It also resulted in the introduction of responsible government.
What was the main cause of rebellion in Upper and Lower Canada in 1837?
Political unrest developed in both Upper and Lower Canada soon after the War of 1812. Some of the causes were similar, rooted in the governing structure imposed by the 1791 constitution, while other causes developed from each colony’s particular character.
Why did the Lower Canada rebellion happen?
The underlying cause of the rebellions was the conflict between the French-Canadian majority and the British minority. (See also: Francophone-Anglophone Relations.) The French Canadians demanded that all power be centralized in the popularly elected Assembly, which it controlled.
Why did the Upper Canada Rebellion happen?
However, the mainstream historical view is that the uprising had limited support and was largely an accident. This view holds that the rebellion was caused by the inexcusable partisanship of lieutenant-governor Sir Francis Bond Head and the rash behaviour of William Lyon Mackenzie.
How is Upper Canada different from Lower Canada quizlet?
How is upper Canada different from Lower Canada? Upper Canada had mainly an English speaking majority while lower Canada had a French speaking majority.
Why did Upper and Lower Canada join?
Following the violent rebellions of 1837–38, Lord Durham was sent in 1838 to determine the causes of unrest. The solution he recommended in the Durham Report (1839) was to unify Upper and Lower Canada under one government. Lord Durham proposed a united province to develop a common commercial system.
What happened in the Upper Canada Rebellion?
The Upper Canada Rebellion was largely defeated shortly after it began, although resistance lingered until 1838. While it shrank, it became more violent, mainly through the support of the Hunters’ Lodges, a secret United States-based militia that emerged around the Great Lakes, and launched the Patriot War in 1838.
When was the Upper Canada Rebellion?
December 7, 1837 – December 4, 1838Upper Canada Rebellion / Period
When was the Lower Canada rebellion?
November 6, 1837 – November 10, 1838Lower Canada Rebellion / Period
What country claimed Canada first?
In 1604, the first European settlement north of Florida was established by French explorers Pierre de Monts and Samuel de Champlain, first on St. Croix Island (in present-day Maine), then at Port-Royal, in Acadia (present-day Nova Scotia). In 1608 Champlain built a fortress at what is now Québec City.
What was the Upper Canada Rebellion?
The Upper Canada Rebellion was an insurrection against the perceived oligarchic government of the British colony of Upper Canada (present-day Ontario) in December 1837. While public grievances had existed for years, it was the rebellion in Lower Canada (present-day Quebec) that emboldened rebels in Upper Canada to openly revolt soon after.
Did the rebellion in Lower Canada break the political impasse of 1830s?
In this sense, the rebellion in Lower Canada did break the political impasse of the mid-1830s. Some historians see the rebellions as unnecessary bloodletting that complicated and probably delayed the transition to greater self-government.
Why did upper and Lower Canada want to join Canada?
During the War of 1812 and afterwards, fear over the American invasion led several of the English-speaking elite in Lower Canada to advocate for the union of Upper and Lower Canada to ensure they could compete with the powerful economy of the United States. George Ramsey, the British-appointed governor also favoured it.
What was the support of the French-Canadian population during the rebellion?
Still, the revolt had widespread support among the French-Canadian population. Papineau and his lieutenants earned a lasting place in the hearts of French-Canadian nationalists.