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Why is the Wet Tropics of Queensland a World Heritage site?

Why is the Wet Tropics of Queensland a World Heritage site?

The Wet Tropics rainforests contain an almost complete record of the major stages in the evolution of plant life on earth. Many species within the World Heritage area originated when Australia was still part of Gondwana.

Why is the Daintree Rainforest a World Heritage Site?

Unesco recognises it as an “extremely important” site of rich and unique biodiversity, with over 3,000 plant species, 107 mammals, 368 bird and 113 reptile species. The area is also the largest tract of land in Australia that has continuously persisted as a rainforest.

Why are the Wet Tropics important?

The Wet Tropics has the oldest continuously surviving tropical rainforests on Earth. They are a living museum of how land plants have evolved since the break up of Gondwana 40 million years ago – from ancient ferns, conifers and cycads to the more highly evolved flowering plants.

How was the Wet Tropics of Queensland formed?

From about seven million years ago, vast amounts of lava flowed from a number of shield volcanoes over the Atherton Tableland and other parts of the Wet Tropics landscape. The lava cooled to form a dense layer of basalt.

Why is the Great Barrier Reef a World Heritage Site?

The Great Barrier Reef is one of the natural wonders of the world and was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1981 for its unique natural attributes and enormous scientific and environmental importance.

What are World Heritage values?

Under the EPBC Act, world heritage values of a property are the natural heritage and cultural heritage contained in the property. Cultural heritage and natural heritage of Outstanding Universal Value are defined in Articles 1 and 2 of the World Heritage Convention.

What is special about the Daintree Rainforest?

The Daintree is incredibly bio-diverse, with a large amount of Australia’s wildlife species being found in the rainforest. Another reason why the Daintree Rainforest is so special is because it has an unbelievably complex eco system, unlike any other rainforest In the world, making it a totally unique place.

Where does the tropics start in Queensland?

Queensland’s wet tropics region is a mountainous chain on the east coast from north of Cooktown to the Paluma Range west of Townsville. Most of the rest, north of Townsville’s latitude, is dry tropics.

How old is the Wet Tropics of Queensland?

The Aboriginal Rainforest People of the Wet Tropics of Queensland have lived continuously in the rainforest environment for at least 5000 years, and this is the only place in Australia where Aboriginal people have permanently inhabited a tropical rainforest environment.

How does the Great Barrier Reef meet the UNESCO criteria?

The Great Barrier Reef meets all 4 World Heritage natural criteria: natural phenomena and exceptional natural beauty; representing major stages of Earth’s history; significant ongoing ecological and biological processes; and contain the most important and significant habitats for conservation of biodiversity.

Is Great Barrier Reef protected by UNESCO?

Environmental activists slam UNESCO decision not to classify the Barrier Reef as an endangered World Heritage Site. Australia on Friday avoided having the Great Barrier Reef listed as an endangered world heritage site by UNESCO, despite extensive climate change-spurred damage to the ecosystem’s corals.

What makes a site a Unesco World Heritage?

As stated before, in order to be deemed a World Heritage site, the location must be of Outstanding Universal Value, demonstrating international significance; it must “transcend national boundaries and be of common importance for present and future generations of all humanity” (Operational Guidelines 2012).